Glossary

To Walk the walk you MUST Talk the talk

 

If BIM was a topic that you address on a daily basis then the following are terms from the most recent "New Zealand BIM Handbook" That you do not want to put aside:


4D BIM – a 3D model linked to time or scheduling data. Model objects and elements with this data attached can be used for construction scheduling analysis and management. 4D BIM can also be used to create animations of project construction processes.


5D BIM – usually a 4D BIM linked to cost data. The time data adds another dimension to cost data, allowing expenditure to be mapped against the project programme for cash flow analysis, etc.


BIM Brief – a document developed by a client to outline their BIM requirements when engaging designers or design and build teams.


BIM Coordination Room – a purpose-designed room set up to facilitate the coordination of digital models by members of the BIM Team. It includes IT infrastructure such as cabling, projectors and/or Smart Boards that allow the room’s occupants to view models together for coordination, collaborative design, etc.


BIM Execution Plan (BEP) – a formal document that defines how a project will be executed, monitored and controlled with regard to BIM. A BEP is developed at project initiation to provide a master information/data management plan and to roles and responsibilities for model creation and data integration throughout the project.


BIM Information Manager – same as BIM Manager.


Building Information Management (Data Definition) – Building Information Management supports the data standards and data requirements for BIM use. Data continuity allows for the reliable exchange of information in a context where both sender and receiver understand the information.


Building Information Model (BIM) (Product) – an object-based digital representation of the physical and functional characteristics of a facility. The Building Information Model serves as a shared knowledge resource for information about a facility, forming a reliable basis for decisions during its life cycle from inception onward. 

Building Information Modelling (BIM) (Process) – a collection of defined model uses, workflows, and modelling methods used to achieve specific, repeatable, and reliable information results from the model. Modelling methods affect the quality of the information generated from the model. When and why a model is used and shared impacts on the effective and efficient use of BIM for desired project outcomes and decision support.


BIM Management Plan (BMP) – same as BEP.


BIM Manager – leads and coordinates the BIM processes for the project.


BIM Use – a unique task or procedure on a project which can benefit from the application and integration of BIM into that process.


Computer Aided Facilities Management (CAFM) – an IT system that supports Facilities Management CAFM systems focus on space management issues, asset information, maintenance history and equipment documentation.


CBI – Co-ordinated Building Information system of New Zealand. The classification system that can be used to organise specifications and for structuring information libraries, classification of generic and branded product information, and classification of BIM objects.


Construction BIM Execution Plan – a BIM Execution Plan for the construction phase of a project.


Construction Operations Building Information Exchange (COBie) – a system for capturing information during the design and construction of projects that can be used for Facilities Management purposes including operation and maintenance. A key element of the system is a pre-formatted Excel spreadsheet used for recording this information.



Deliverables – the product of engineering and design efforts to be delivered to the client as digital files and/ or printed documents. Typically, these would be the concept submittal and the corrected final design. A deliverable may have multiple phases.


Design and Build (D&B) – the project procurement method in which the client enters into one contract for the design and construction of a project with an organisation, generally based on a building company which provides all project management, design, construction and project delivery services.


Design-Bid-Build (DBB) –the project procurement method in which the client enters into separate contracts for the design and construction of a building or project. Design and documentation services are generally provided by a professional design consultancy, the documents are used for bidding (tendering) purposes and the successful bidder, generally a building company, enters into a contract with the client to build the project.


Design BIM Execution Plan – a BIM Execution Plan for the design phases of a project.


Design BIM Coordinator – the BIM leader for each design discipline or sub-trade.


Facilities Management (FM) – the process of managing and maintaining the efficient operation of facilities, including buildings, properties and infrastructure. The term is also applied to the discipline concerned with this process.


Federation – the combination of multiple models into single model for review or Coordination.


Geographic Information System (GIS) – a system that integrates hardware, software and data for capturing, managing, analysing and displaying all forms of geographically referenced information.


gbXML – Green Building Extensible Markup Language (XML) – A digital file format for exchanging sustainability information in simulation applications.


Globally Unique Identifier (GUID) – a unique code identifying each object/space. A GUID should not be confused with “code” in “room code,” “equipment code,” or “space code.” The GUID assigned by the BIM authoring tool persists through room name changes and various other modifications, allowing the object/ space to be tracked throughout the project execution process.


Industry Foundation Class (IFC) – a system of defining and representing standard architectural and construction-related graphic and non-graphic data as 3D virtual objects to allow data exchange among BIM tools, cost estimation systems, and other construction-related applications in a way that preserves the ability to perform analysis on those objects as they move from one BIM system to another.


Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) – the project procurement method in which the client enters into a contract with a number of organisations, including design consultants and building contractors at the earliest stages of the project to create an integrated team. It is characterised by an expectation that the team will work collaboratively to deliver a product that meets the client’s requirements.


Interoperability – the ability of two or more systems or components to exchange information and to use the information that has been exchanged.


Level of Development (LOD) – the Level(s) of Development (LOD) describes the level of completeness to which a model element is developed.


Model Description Document (MDD) – issued with a model to describe what it contains and identify any limitations of use.


Model Geographic Location (MGL) – the situation of the model on the earth in terms of its latitude and longitude.


Model Manager – same as Discipline BIM Coordinator.


Model View Definition (MVD) – a MVD defines a subset of the IFC Schema providing implementation guidance for all IFC concepts (classes, attributes, relationships, property sets, quantity definitions, etc.) used within this subset. It represents the software requirement specification for the implementation of an IFC interface to satisfy the exchange requirements.

OmniClass – the OmniClass Construction Classification System is a classification system for the construction industry, developed by the Construction Standards Institute (CSI) and is used as a classification structure for electronic databases.

 

Request for Information (RFI) – a documented request for information on a matter from one party to another. It is usually managed through formal procedures agreed by members of the project team.


Uniformat – a classification system for building elements (including designed elements) that forms the basis of Table 21 of the Omniclass system. A product of the Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) and Construction Specifications Canada (CSC).