January 23, 2015 by Skanska USA
Life cycle management, facility information management, BIM for facilities management: whatever you may wish to call it, this practice has huge potential to reshape how buildings are delivered. Just as building information modeling/virtual design and construction was an emerging effort some five years ago but is now common for design and construction, finding ways to smartly and electronically package design and construction data for facilities management uses will similarly be standard practice five years from now, said Mike Clark, Skanska national manager of VDC project support.
Key to such solutions is that they’re simple to use, flexible to accommodate evolving needs, customized to each client’s demands, and that ideally the efforts start as early as possible in the project. Here are some examples of how Skanska is helping clients prepare to better manage and maintain their buildings:
Electronic O&M delivery
This approach’s initial step is electronically providing in a convenient format such operations and maintenance information as equipment manuals and warranty information. For instance, with the 293,000-square-foot Montlake Tower project for the University of Washington Medical Center, our team created a PDF-based interface, in addition to supplying the required voluminous paper documents. This electronic portal is an alternative way for UWMC to access key O&M documents, while manual entry of the full paper-based information continued.
Now, UWMC has developed a standardized approach for electronically delivering O&M materials, the use of which is required on projects. Furthermore, for an upcoming project the medical center will be having the BIM data created and commissioned for direct import into their facility information management system, providing even greater potential for short- and long-term cost savings through operational efficiencies.
Linking the BIM model with O&M data
For a 350,000-square-foot new bed tower for MultiCare Good Samaritan Hospital – also in Washington state – we led the effort to integrate the BIM model with O&M data. This is even more powerful a solution than just electronic O&M delivery, as the model enables a more intuitive way of working. Our BIM approach involved assisting the hospital with identifying its facility information needs; determining the scope of this effort and the needed hardware and software; organizing the BIM models and O&M data; and training the hospital’s team. With this solution, O&M documents, drawings and training videos can all be easily accessed by pointing and clicking on a single model-based interface.
Developing holistic BIM facilities standards
George Washington University decided to create a holistic set of BIM facility management standards to be included in the contract documents for all designers and contractors working on its campuses. At the conclusion of each project going forward, GW’s intention is to receive what it needs to electronically manage that building or space: a BIM model complete with all design details and as-built information, with separate files for all operational data, including warranties.
What has typically happened – at GW and throughout the building industry – is that the designers create one BIM model, while the construction team creates at least one other model, leaving the building owner with multiple models at the end of the project, none of which fully provide what is desired.
“We realized that as owners, we had to take leadership to shape the outcome that we wanted,” said Eric Hougen, director of technology and information management for GW, located in Washington, D.C.
GW’s creation of its FIM Procedures Manual is a pioneering undertaking, as few owners have done this. Skanska led the development of this manual, and we’re now providing similar consulting services to other clients.
“This kind of information will assist us from day one, and it gets incredibly valuable during the life cycle of the building,” Hougen said. “Obviously, we’ve existed without it for years, but I think we’re at that point where the next evolution of our facilities management organization is dependent on us having quality building information.”
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