November 26, 2014 by Gaurang Trivedi
Using BIM for facility management; users can effectively explore, record and efficiently manage the information about spatial requirements, operations and maintenance of a facility. Facility mangers can, not only track the space related data and evolving requirements, but also manage inventory and lifecycle data, identify safety loopholes and henceforth enforce occupant safety measures, perform analysis of evolving needs versus the related costs and much more.
How BIM experts enable facility management?
- BIM experts identify the parameters that are needed to keep a track of the lifecycle of a building and its elements
- Further they create new parameters and add them to building information model elements such as different fixtures, rooms, equipments etc.
- Now formulas are built to calculate, keep a track and report the indentified facility management metrics.
- Schedules for reporting and easy entry of parameter values for model elements are created.
- When all these steps are done, the model is now ready and it displays the facility management plan views using color fill legends to support managers in understanding and carrying out facility management operations.
Applications of 6D BIM for facility management include:
1. Access design performance in relation to spatial requirements: Using BIM, managers can analyze the existing spaces and compare them with complex spatial standards and regulations. Further, any critical decisions related to the spatial improvements and other design improvements that affect the operations and management of the facility can be brought to notice and iterated after significant analysis and approvals by all the responsible stake holders. Hence a building can be designed such that it allows easy and efficient facility management.
2. Creation of as built physical conditions and assets of a facility: BIM is also used to record the structural, architectural and MEP details of an as built structure to serve as a detailed documentation of these disciplines of an existing building. An as built model for facility management is also created from the design, construction, 4D coordination models, and subcontractor fabrication models. This makes BIM a valuable resource which provides complete facility information that can be linked to operations, maintenance and asset data of a facility to enable better management. As the facility is repaired or renovated for changes are made to fulfill spatial requirements, these changes can be updated in the BI model so that it contains accurate information about the maintenance history of a building.
3. Preventive maintenance scheduling for effective management: BIM allows tracking and maintenance of all the information about a buildings structure, architecture and equipments, thus enables cost effective, timely and efficient maintenance program management.
4. Analysis of the systems and energy utilization within a facility: A BI models allows facility managers to predict the performance of equipments and systems and also predict the energy performance of a building, which they can further compare with the actual performance. If found that the performance is not as predicted, BIM for facility managers supports planning repairs, modification in operations and proposing systems and material changes to ensure that system and energy performance of a building remains the best.
5. Asset management: BIM record model can be linked to the building assets database, and is used to support decision making and planning pertaining to the facility management issues. The implications of upgrading or changing the building assets can be gauged accurately using BIM further quantity takeoffs of the assets can also be produced for financial reporting and cost estimation.
6. Management of existing and evolving spatial requirements: Allocation and management of resources and spaces within a facility based on the requirements is a process enabled by BIM. This is because it furnishes an FM with detailed space information both for new buildings and for retrofits (for renovation, refurbishments and repairs)
7. Disaster planning and management: Emergency responders such as fire department, technical rescue, police and emergency medical service to name a few can get access to critical information about a building using BIM. This enables them take informed decisions and hence deliver better response and reduced safety risk to occupants. BI model can be used effectively to locate the emergency area within a building and to gauge the other surrounding dangers, thus enables planning the best way out, to counter a disaster.
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